FARMERS, ARTISANS AND MERCHANTS (cont'd)
in Early New York
JewsSpanish and Portuguese refugees who had lived in the Netherlands
and Brazilentered New Netherland in 1654. Later, German-speaking
Jews from Continental Europe joined them. Under the intensely anti-Semitic
governorship of Peter Stuyvesant, Jews living in the colony were restricted
in what employment they could pursue, where they could dwell, and how
they could observe their faith. They possessed little protection and few
freedoms in a colony where legal rights for non-Protestants were nearly
non-existent. With the coming of English rule, they enjoyed more freedoms.
the colonial period, the Jewish population in New York was small but influential.
The merchant and real estate investor Moses Levy, two of his relatives,
and Adolph Philipse jointly owned a ship named the Abigail. Its trading
trips to and from the West Indies yielded enormous financial success.